Japanese particle は & が|What the difference ha and ga?


Welcome to our Japanese cram school!

In this article we will take a look at the particles ha(は) and ga(が).

What the difference between two words?

There are some major grammatical differences in their usage.

And there are a lot articles about this in internet.

 

トラウマウサギ
トラウマウサギ
I’ve already read those! But couldn’t neatly understand!!
Actually, it’s difficult to explain the difference even for Japanese.
先生
先生
トラウマウサギ
トラウマウサギ
Huh? So how can we understand?
No problem. I can present the most simple method of those usage.
先生
先生

 

 

The difference between は and が

If you can’t know which one to use, you can pay attention, where is important sentence.

 

犬(いぬ) 好(す)きではありません

I don’t like dogs.

犬(いぬ) 好(す)きです。

I like dogs.

 

Namely…

___________  important 

 important  _______。

 

The sentence behind is important→ は

The previous sentence is important →が

 

 

Practice example 【particle は and が 】

1.彼女(かのじょ)[ はorが ] やさしいです。

2.山田(やまだ)さん [ はorが ] 30歳(さい)です。

3.今日(きょう)、荷物(にもつ)[ はorが ] 届(とど)きます。

4.彼(かれ)[ はorが ]東京(とうきょう)で働いています。

5.雨(あめ)[ はorが ]降(ふ)っています。

 

1.は 2.は 3.が 4.は 5.が

 

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More reading(in Japanese):【は】と【が】の違いとは?